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催化裂化技术面临的挑战与机遇
杨朝合, 陈小博, 李春义, 山红红
中国石油大学重质油国家重点实验室, 山东青岛 266580
摘要:
回顾催化裂化技术的发展历史,提出主要以不同生产目的为依据区分催化裂化、催化裂解和催化热裂解技术的建议;阐述催化裂化技术在现代炼化企业的重要地位,分析催化裂化技术面临的挑战;根据"分子炼油"理念指出催化裂解技术的发展机遇,讨论环烷芳烃有效转化的关键问题;指出催化裂化技术在车用汽油质量升级和炼油化工体化过程中将持续发挥重要作用。
关键词:  催化裂化  催化裂解  催化热裂解  环烷芳烃
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1673-5005.2017.06.022
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(21476263,U1462205,21776312)
Challenges and opportunities of fluid catalytic cracking technology
YANG Chaohe, CHEN Xiaobo, LI Chunyi, SHAN Honghong
State Key Laboratory of Heavy Oil Processing in China University of Petroleum, Qingdao 266580, China
Abstract:
The development history of catalytic cracking technology is reviewed. On the basis of the different product schemes, a method of classifying FCC technologies into Fluid Catalytic Cracking, Deep Catalytic Cracking, and Catalytic Pyrolysis Process is proposed. The important role of FCC technology in the modern petrochemical factories is discussed, and the challenges of FCC technology are analyzed as well. The development opportunities for FCC technology are pointed out according to the principle of "molecular refining". And the key issues in the effectively cracking of naphthenic aromatics are discussed. It is concluded that FCC technology will continue play an important role in the gasoline quality upgrading and the integration of refining and chemical industry.
Key words:  catalytic cracking  deep catalytic cracking  catalytic pyrolysis process  naphthenic aromatics
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