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油气储运理论与技术进展
张劲军,何利民,宫敬,李玉星,宇波,刘刚
0
(中国石油大学机械与储运工程学院,北京 102249;中国石油大学储运与建筑工程学院,山东青岛 266580)
摘要:
经过60年的发展,中国石油大学油气储运工程学科形成了油气长距离管道输送、多相管流与油气集输、油气储运设施安全与施工等特色鲜明的优势研究方向。近10多年来,伴随着中国油气储运行业的空前大发展以及随之而来的一系列技术挑战,本学科在这些研究领域开展了较系统深入的研究,在易凝高黏原油流变性与管道输送、天然气及成品油管道输送、油气水多相流动、油气水分离、多相混输系统流动保障、流动减阻机制、油气管道与集输系统节能、管道强度设计与安全评价、油气储运设施完整性管理、油气管道与地下储库施工等方面取得了一大批重要成果。较系统地总结了这些成果。总结本学科60年发展的经验,面向本领域重大工程技术问题,持之以恒地开展系统且深入的基础研究,仍是学科今后发展必须坚持的基本战略方针。
关键词:  油气储运  管道输送  集输  安全工程  施工
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1673-5005.2013.05.022
投稿时间:2013-06-22
基金项目:
Theoretical and technological advances in petroleum storageand transportation engineering
ZHANG Jin-jun,HE Li-min,GONG Jing,LI Yu-xing,YU Bo,LIU Gang
(College of Mechanical and Transportation Engineering in China University of Petroleum, Beijing 102249,China;College of Pipeline and Civil Engineering in China University of Petroleum, Qingdao 266580, China)
Abstract:
Since the founding of the discipline of petroleum storage and transportation (PST) in China University of Petroleum for 60years, distinctive and advantageous research areas have been well developed which mainly include long-distance pipeline transportation of oil and gas, multiphase pipeflow and gathering of oil and gas, safety and construction engineering of the PST facilities. In the past 10years, with the unprecedented high-speed development of China 's pipeline industry and the consequential technological challenges, intensive researches have been conducted and a series of important achievements have been made by the discipline of PST, which mainly fall in the subjects such as rheology and pipeline transportation of waxy and viscous crude oils, pipeline transportation of oil products and natural gas, multiphase pipeflow and separation of oil-gas-water, flow security assurance of the multiphase flow systems, mechanism of the flow resistance reduction, energy conservation in pipelines and gathering systems of oil and gas, strength design and safety evaluation of pipelines, integrity management of the PST facilities, and construction of pipelines and underground storage facilities. These achievements were summarized systematically. Based on the experience of the past 60years, it is pointed out that aiming at major engineering problems and making fundamental researches continuously and intensively will still be the strategy that should be hold in the future.
Key words:  petroleum storage and transportation  pipeline transportation  gathering  safety engineering  construction
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